Bonaparte, the Egyptian campaign
In 1798, Bonaparte led the Egyptian expedition to ruin English domination in the Mediterranean. He embarked in Toulon on May 19, bringing 170 scientists, archaeologists, astronomers, linguists, historians and botanists.
The latter landed in Alexandria on July 1st. The victory of the Pyramids on July 21 opened the road to Cairo for him. The French fleet was destroyed in Aboukir on August 1 and 2. Bonaparte must stay in Egypt. He conquered Syria to counter the Turkish threat and seized El-Arich, Gaza, Jaffa on 6 March 1799 and Mount Tabor on 16 April.
In July, Bonaparte, having learned of the French setbacks in Europe, decided to secretly embark for France, entrusting General Kléber with command.