Outside view of the mosque of Touloun
The expedition of the French army in Egypt, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte between 1798 and 1801, answered to two wills. The first one wanted to deliver Egypt from the power of the Mamelukes by military and naval campaigns. The second was to better understand this foreign soil: more than 35,000 troops accompanied a team of scientists. This phalanx was made up of nearly 175 scientists, most of whom were young, engineers, technicians, mathematicians, chemists, orientalists, musicians... Others, engineers from the grandes écoles: Polytechnique, Ponts et Chaussées, Mines, completed this workforce. We can mention famous people such as the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, the inventor and draftsman Nicolas-Jacques Conté, the chemist Berthollet, the artist Vivant Denon...
In spite of the dust, the harsh climate, the diseases, and the warlike context, these scholars inspected, noted, and drew with great precision all that the soil of Egypt was different from that of the West... Thus, faithful to what Napoleon had given as designs to the French Institute in Cairo when it was created on August 23, 1798, namely "the progress and propagation of the Enlightenment in Egypt, the research, study and publication of the natural, industrial and historical facts of Egypt", they brought back to France a wealth of documents that were to be engraved and thus passed on to posterity. Even today they still constitute a unique source since some monuments have been destroyed.
- Delivery :
- Order shipped directly from the Art Workshops within 3 weeks
- Museum :
- Musée du Louvre
- Dimensions :
- 76 x 56 cm
- EAN :
- Reference :