Le Ratapoil - Daumier
Honoré Daumier, a lithographer, painter, drawer and sculptor, was famous for his caricature-portraits ridiculing repudiation, servility and even meanness.
Ratapoil was created by Daumier during the Second Republic, at a time when it was weakened by the forceful propaganda of certain electoral agents in favour of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, elected President of the Republic on 10 December 1848. Daumier invented Ratapoil, a political adventurer roaming the boulevards and cafés, his insolent silhouette accentuated by a frock coat and a crumpled top hat pulled down over his left eye.
The exaggerated outline of the unbalanced volumes, both fragile and powerful, together with twisted axial movements, make Ratapoil a modern work and forerunner of expressionism.