French sculptor and visual artist, naturalized American, she moved to New York in 1938 after marrying an American art historian. She spent most of her artistic life there.
Although she does not claim to be from any particular movement, she is close to surrealism, expressionism, as well as feminism.
Louise Bourgeois is known for her particularly imposing sculptures, but she also practices painting and engraving.
In particular, she questions the themes of family and eroticism. Her most famous works are giant sculptures of spiders, symbolizing the maternal figure.