The Napoleon III Museum at the Palais de l'Industrie - An ephemeral museum
Opened from May to October 1862, the Napoleon III Museum represents, despite its ephemeral nature, one of the most significant cultural achievements of the Second Empire. Designed around one of the most prestigious collections in Europe, the Campana collection, it also brought together the results of archaeological missions in the Mediterranean and series of casts of ancient works.
The ensemble was housed in a little-known but emblematic place of the time, the Palais de l'Industrie, the ancestor of the Grand and Petit Palais. With its novel museography and its ambition to become a museum of industrial art, the Napoleon III Museum was perceived as an anti-Louvre and provoked controversy. Above all, it was an essential milestone in the modern history of museums.
Éditions Mare & Martin / Louvre éditions